Advantages of Technology in the Treatment of Impact Trauma
The mild traumatic brain injury, which is a type of neurological event, has become a wildfire issue and dilemma in the field of medicine. This neurological event needs to be studied thoroughly thus requiring further research. There are mild traumatic brain injury events which go with concussion. By definition, concussion is a neurological syndrome with cognitive, motor and neuropsychiatric symptoms. Despite the advances of knowledge in treating mild traumatic brain injury, there is still found a loophole which creating wide gap. These loopholes are said to eb the inefficiency and lack knowledge regarding on the characterization of the pathophysiology, determination of the factors which contribute to function discrepancies and development of intervention to reduce pathology and symptoms. The development of pre-clinical models has aiding in generating evidences both in mild traumatic brain injury and concussion per se. Each pre-clinical model has different strengths and weaknesses as well. One of the popular pre-clinical models for mild traumatic brain injury is the controlled cortical impact or the so-called CCI. The controlled cortical impact is said to be well-suited to study mild traumatic brain injury and concussion.
Basically, the controlled cortical impact device detect injury using a pneumatic piston or an actuator to drive the injury induction at a specified shape, velocity, depth and dwell time just to have a proper and vivid exposure of the intact skull. Since electromagnetic devices have become popular known worldwide and are commercially available, the controlled cortical impact is available both pneumatic and electromagnetic device which are well received in the world of research. Notably, there is a difference between the pneumatic and electromagnetic devices. Based on a study, the electromagnetic controlled cortical impact device shows a greater reproducibility while it was also found out that the pneumatic controlled cortical impact device showed an overshoot in the velocity-dependent.
Generally, the controlled cortical impact device is used to hasten the acceleration of the rod to impact the exposed cortical dural surface. This device produces responses from a morphologic and cerebrovascular injuries which can be liken to the mild traumatic brain injury in some aspects. Common observations that can be deduced in using the controlled cortical impact device are the disruption of the blood-brain barrier, hematoma, edema, inflammation, alteration in cerebral blood flow and axonal derangements. Moreover, the controlled cortical impact device produces cognitive impairments and neurobehavioral impairments which is similar to the ones observed in a clinical basis. On the contrary, the disadvantage of using a controlled cortical impact device is that it is only limited to diffuse the effects of the mild traumatic brain injury. Also, it can be limited to some usage since clinical mild traumatic brain injury vases are not characterized by a contusion.
Gaining more knowledge about the existing devices used in the impact trauma such as a mild traumatic brain injury would enlighten you more about the event. With that, you can look for these devices and their different features in the website online or you can read more information here.
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